The Norwegian production team Stargate has produced songs for Rihanna, Beyoncé, Shakira, Jennifer Lopez and Lionel Richie, among others. It is now thought that these so-called "Arctic" peoples came from the south and followed the coast northward considerably later. Norway has often been ruled by minority governments. [187] The future size of the fund is closely linked to the price of oil and to developments in international financial markets. Norway maintains the Nordic welfare model with universal health care and a comprehensive social security system, and its values are rooted in egalitarian ideals. King Haakon and the Norwegian government escaped to Rotherhithe in London. In June 1940, a small group had left Norway following their king to Britain. The classical music of the romantic composers Edvard Grieg, Rikard Nordraak and Johan Svendsen is internationally known, as is the modern music of Arne Nordheim. Although all government and parliamentary acts are decided beforehand, the privy council is an example of symbolic gesture the king retains. Link to available information can be found here. As state church, the Church of Norway's clergy were viewed as state employees, and the central and regional church administrations were part of the state administration. Stavanger is the region’s largest city with a population of around 130 000. The international financial crisis has primarily affected the industrial sector, but unemployment has remained low, and was at 3.3% (86,000 people) in August 2011. Two more TLDs have been assigned, but are not used: Officially the Republic of China, participates as ", This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 04:43. Norway has conscription (including 6–12 months of training);[155] in 2013, the country became the first in Europe and NATO to draft women as well as men. [296] Tourism in Norway contributed to 4.2% of the gross domestic product as reported in 2016. nr. In general, the legal and institutional framework in Norway is characterised by a high degree of transparency, accountability and integrity, and the perception and the occurrence of corruption are very low. The Sámi minority retained their shamanistic religion well into the 18th century, when most converted to Christianity under the influence of Dano-Norwegian Lutheran missionaries. Even during polar night in the north, temperatures above freezing are commonplace on the coastline. Learn about fjords, northern lights, midnight sun, where to stay, walking, fishing and more. Furthermore, women were then eligible for different occupations, particularly the common school teacher. Issue No. [142] Historically, both the Norwegian Labour Party and Conservative Party have played leading political roles. Norway has hosted the Games on two occasions: It also hosted the 2016 Winter Youth Olympics in Lillehammer, making Norway the first country to host both Winter regular and Youth Olympics. Norway's culinary traditions show the influence of long seafaring and farming traditions, with salmon (fresh and cured), herring (pickled or marinated), trout, codfish, and other seafood, balanced by cheeses (such as brunost), dairy products, and breads (predominantly dark/darker). [note 1] The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the Kingdom. [227] In the 2011 Canadian census, 452,705 Canadian citizens identified as having Norwegian ancestry. Norway was a founding member of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). Overview of Norway. Norway is also a founding member of the United Nations, NATO, the European Free Trade Association, the Council of Europe, the Antarctic Treaty, and the Nordic Council; a member of the European Economic Area, the WTO, and the OECD; and a part of the Schengen Area. [184] It is the largest sovereign wealth fund in the world. Representations of the Sun, animals, trees, weapons, ships, and people are all strongly stylised. Because of the Gulf Stream and prevailing westerlies, Norway experiences higher temperatures and more precipitation than expected at such northern latitudes, especially along the coast. This is a list of population regions in Norway. Among non-Christian religions, Islam is the largest, with 166,861 registered members (2018), and probably fewer than 200,000 in total. (EØS-loven)", "Norway first in world to ban deforestation", "Gass- og oljefunn nord for Snøhvitfeltet i Barentshavet – 7220/8-1", "Mener Norge bør satse på våpen når oljen tar slutt – VG Nett om Stoltenberg-regjeringen", "Norsk næringsvirksomhet – Strukturen i norsk økonomi", "Norway's Sovereign Wealth Fund Ramps Up Investment Plans", "De aller fleste sier ja takk til lyntog", "Norwegian Parliament extends electric car initiatives until 2018", "Top 6 Plug-In Vehicle Adopting Countries", "Norway Wants to Make Gas-Powered Cars Illegal by 2025", "Electric cars reach record 42% of Norway's total new car sales with boost from Tesla Model X | Electrek", "International scheduled routes from Oslo", "Tabell 0 Hele landet. [70] Olaf had already been elected to the throne of Denmark on 3 May 1376. [citation needed], During the five years of German occupation, Norwegians built a resistance movement which fought the German occupation forces with both civil disobedience and armed resistance including the destruction of Norsk Hydro's heavy water plant and stockpile of heavy water at Vemork, which crippled the German nuclear programme (see: Norwegian heavy water sabotage). [64] Even worse were the pirates, the "Victual Brothers", who launched three devastating raids on the port (the last in 1427). The Norwegian Armed Forces numbers about 25,000 personnel, including civilian employees. [141], Through the Council of State, a privy council presided over by the monarch, the prime minister and the cabinet meet at the Royal Palace and formally consult the Monarch. Nearly half of the inhabitants of the country live in the far south, in the region around Oslo, the capital. The bedrock, exposed in about 40 percent of the area, was scoured and polished by the movements of these materials. The highest FIFA ranking Norway has achieved is 2nd, a position it has held twice, in 1993 and in 1995.[292]. Norway's highly transparent investment scheme[186] is lauded by the international community. Norway is mostly a high, mountainous plateau covered by bare rock. Around 1975, both the proportion and absolute number of workers in industry peaked. This resurrected theory has received some pushback by other scholars on various grounds, e. g. the uncontroversial presence of the element norðr in the ethnonym norðrmaðr "Norseman, Norwegian person" (modern Norwegian nordmann), and the adjective norrǿnn "northern, Norse, Norwegian", as well as the very early attestations of the Latin and Anglo-Saxon forms with The railways transported 56,827,000 passengers 2,956 million passenger-kilometres and 24,783,000 tonnes of cargo 3,414 million tonne-kilometres. Norway enjoys many music festivals throughout the year, all over the country. Fra fornorskningspolitikk mot kulturelt mangfold. The rock carvings at Alta in Finnmark, the largest in Scandinavia, were made at sea level from 4,200 to 500 BC and mark the progression of the land as the sea rose after the last ice age ended. Norway uses a civil law system where laws are created and amended in Parliament and the system regulated through the Courts of justice of Norway. Conversely, from late November to late January, the sun never rises above the horizon in the north, and daylight hours are very short in the rest of the country. Norway, country of northern Europe that occupies the western half of the Scandinavian peninsula. [201] The plug-in electric segment market share of new car sales is also the highest in the world. The motifs of the rock carvings differ slightly from those typical of the Stone Age. Disability pension, by county. Mål og meining : Ein heilskapleg norsk språkpolitikk", "Interesting Facts About the Norwegian Language (Norsk)", "Journal of Indigenous People Rights. The coastal climate of Norway is exceptionally mild compared with areas on similar latitudes elsewhere in the world, with the Gulf Stream passing directly offshore the northern areas of the Atlantic coast, continuously warming the region in the winter. Some of the most memorable female solo artists from Norway are Susanne Sundfør, Sigrid, Astrid S, Adelén, Julie Bergan, Maria Mena, Tone Damli, Margaret Berger, Lene Marlin, Christel Alsos, Maria Arredondo, Marion Raven and Marit Larsen (both former members of the defunct pop-rock group M2M), Lene Nystrøm (vocalist of the Danish eurodance group Aqua) and Anni-Frid Lyngstad (vocalist of the Swedish pop group ABBA). Unsure which region to choose? Norwegian armed forces in the north launched an offensive against the German forces in the Battles of Narvik, until they were forced to surrender on 10 June after losing British support which had been diverted to France during the German invasion of France. 1 January 2012 (Corrected 30 April 2012), 12 prosent av befolkningen er innvandrere, "Three categories of immigration background, country of birth and citizenship by country background and sex. The PM organises the executive government and exercises its power as vested by the Constitution. In this way, the lagting (assemblies for negotiations and lawmaking) developed. [263]) Speakers have a right to be educated and to receive communication from the government in their own language in a special forvaltningsområde (administrative area) for Sámi languages. Has dropped to about 2 % Prix ), an animated feature film directed by Ivo Caprino Arctic '' came! 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